1892, "Garza Revolutionists . . . Texas Chaparral," F. Remington

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"Garza Revolutionists in the Texas Chaparral," Drawn by Frederic Remington, and published in Harper's Weekly, 1892. The Garza Revolution was an unsuccessful attempt  in 1891 to 1892 to organize a Texas-based revolution against the Mexican government of Porfirio Díaz. Catarino E. Garza, a Mexican journalist living in Texas, opposed Díaz. On February 3, 1891, Garza's friend and Díaz opponent, Ignacio Martínez, was killed by Díaz agents in Laredo. Garza took up arms to defeat Díaz. He organized a force and on September 15, 1891 led a group of 26 men across the Rio Grande at Mier, Tamaulipas. The raid was a success and the revolutionists made at least two more incursions into Mexico. According to Garza's records, by the end of 1891 his army had 63 commanders, 186 officers, and 1,043 soldiers. Reacting swiftly, Presidente Diaz sent General Lorenzo Garcia to quell the uprising. Fearing border war, influential Texans urged the people of the Valley to remain neutral. They requested the Governor to send rangers to stop the incursions into Mexico.  U.S. Army troops were also sent to the border and a minor skirmish occurred, at Retamal Springs. Garza and the Revolutionists soon left the area as the rangers proved effective. Garza fled Texas.



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