1857, Northeast Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Julius Bien & Co.

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"No Title, circa 1857."  General Topographical Map of Northeast Texas and parts of Indian Territory and Arkansas. Sheet XXIV, Plate CLIX or 159. Published c. 1891-1895. Engraved and lithographed by Julius Bien & Co., New York, 1891. (Image: 27 ½" wide x 16 ½" high). Magnificent map prepared by United States Army Bureau of Topographic Engineers for the "Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies." The atlas is the renowned cartographic work covering the Civil War. Congress authorized its production by the U.S. War Department. It was issued in 37 parts between 1891 and 1895 and limited to 10,000 copies plus additional copies for members of Congress and other federal officials. The atlas includes 178 plates. Both Union and Confederate sources were used to compile the work and for this reason it is the most complete and well-balanced cartographic record of the war. This map is extremely detailed: cities, towns , rivers, creeks, roads, trails, railroads, forts, post offices and may other physical features as they existed during the Civil War. Elevations are printed in brown and rivers and creeks are shown in blue. The map shows mainly road, most of which lead out of Fort Smith, Arkansas into the Indian Territory and thence south into Texas. Forts: Ft. Arbuckle; Ft. Washita; Ft. McCulloch; Ft. Towson; and others. Some small Texas towns located on the map are Moores; Havana; Gray Rock; Gold Dollar, Black Jack Grove, Lick and Mud Sprints. Excellent condition.



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